Whoof! - you DO have a point!
Okay, from what can tell...
Clear rubbery glue = both Aileen's and Tacky Glue, at least as far as dries clear and flexible applies. ("Aileen's Tacky Glue" is actually the full name of the original, although there are probably knock-off's by now)
Fabric glue I have no idea of, since I disapprove so heavily I've never used it? (sorry)
E-6000 IS "jewelry glue" - and it's extremely strong, and stands on it's own for formula... I'd say your two part epoxy is the closest substitute, but your non-clear rubbery would also probably work.. mmmm - no, stick with epoxy.
I can't help with modge-podge either... not because I disapprove or anything... I've just never used it?
Your non-clear rubbery glue's will be referenced under 'contact cement' and 'leather glue'.
Spray glues come in allll sorts of formula's so to substitute depends on what you're working with and what you want the glue to do? (if you're, say, gluing fabric to cardboard, use your glue stick or a (very)thin layer of white glue...)